The fundamental rules that govern the operation of a just society, ensuring the equal right to all citizens regardless of race, color, or religion, are known as The Basic Principles of Justice.
These principles are expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labor Organization Declaration, the Declaration on International Support for Radio Broadcasting and TV Production, and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Nations. These texts proclaim the rule of law as the basis for a just society.
The principle of equal rights cannot be denied or delayed except under severe discrimination or to protect important public interests. There are many legal services that are provided by lawyers. They include criminal defense, corporate law, family law, real estate planning and financial counseling, and so on.
While all these can be provided by any lawyer, they are not offered free of cost. Therefore, every citizen of a country has to pay his or her own way. The following is a brief description of each of the legal services mentioned above.
The role of lawyers in promoting social values is widely acknowledged. All over the world, the people regard it as their obligation to uphold justice and freedom and to prevent disregard of human rights. Every citizen has the duty to speak out against wrongs anywhere in the world.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labor Organization Declaration, and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Nations, and other instruments emanating from these conventions have made it possible for every citizen to seek refuge from inhuman treatment and to claim compensation for it.
The Universal Declaration states, “All persons have the right to seek refuge in another country if subjected to unlawful arrest, imprisonment, or deportation contrary to the provisions of the international conventions adopted on the subject.”
Although it is not clear why all nations must respect these basic principles of justice, it is the responsibility of governments to guarantee the right to seek refuge. Everyone is entitled to equal and favorable treatment regardless of race, sex, religion, or nationality, and no one should suffer unfairly due to his or her membership in any particular group or association.
Everyone is allowed to voice his or her opinions peacefully and to assemble and participate in any form of political activity according to the local laws. Everyone is also allowed to have a fair trial before a neutral administrative court.
They are also guaranteed the right to fair trials provided that he or she respects the fundamental freedoms without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin. Lawyers play an important role in defending human rights defenders and providing legal assistance to them whenever they need it.
Individuals are protected from arbitrary arrest, detention, deprivation of rights, investigation, torture, exposure to harsh conditions, and the taking of harsh action such as censorship, harassment, and incitement to commit acts of violence or grave damage to property.
In cases of abuse, lawyers play an important role by ensuring the safety of the victim and providing information to the police authorities. In cases of whistle-blowing, lawyers can bring legal actions against those who violate the rights of others.
They can help to protect their clients from defamation or malicious prosecution. In the event of employers’ employment practices being found to discriminate against employees, the role of lawyers is to ensure that the interests of the employees are safeguarded and to prevent any unfair employment practices from taking place.
All persons who commit crimes must stand trial to be accorded the justice they deserve. The role of lawyers is therefore to ensure that their clients get the justice they deserve. In other words, the lawyer represents the client as an advocate for the interests of his client.
It is the role of the lawyer to defend his client’s legal rights and freedoms and fight for his rights against those who may be encroaching on his rights. In the event of allegations of criminal offenses, lawyers assist the client in preparing the defense case and in fighting for his cause in the legal court.
Lawyers work with a large number of people and have to deal with various issues such as divorce, property disputes, family law, personal injury, and so on. The practice of a lawyer is a very broad one and there is a huge scope for expansion of this profession.
The growth of the internet has led to many lawyers having an online presence and many clients meeting them online. As a result, the internet has become a major part of the work experience of lawyers and this profession is experiencing immense growth in the coming years. If you want a more comprehensive guide on how to find a lawyer, simply see this link.
There are a variety of tasks that lawyers perform. Apart from defending their clients and assisting them in presenting their cases in court, lawyers also prepare important documents such as wills, financial proposals, power of attorney, business proposals, contract negotiations, and the like.
Apart from all these roles, lawyers can pursue a career as a counselor or a policymaker. For example, in the United Kingdom, there are lawyers who concentrate only on family matters, and some work as cabinet members and others as Minister of State, thus working hand in hand with government policies.
Thus, lawyers are categorized into different categories, depending on what area of the law they specialize in.